Extreme Temperature Diary-Tuesday December 3rd, 2019/ Main Topic: Record Dry and Hot Spring in Australia

Tuesday December 3rd… Dear Diary. The main purpose of this ongoing post will be to track United States extreme or record temperatures related to climate change. Any reports I see of ETs will be listed below the main topic of the day. I’ll refer to extreme or record temperatures as ETs (not extraterrestrials).😉

Record Dry and Hot Spring in Australia

My, has Australia had a rough couple of years meteorologically and climate wise from 2018 into 2019. Australia had its hottest summer months on record from December 2018 into February 2019. Now Australia has had its driest spring on record, and no wonder having seen news of horrendous fires from Southern and Eastern portions of the country:

For today’s main topic I am reprinting most of the climate information encapsulated in Australia’s Bureau of Meteorology report for your perusal. And oh yes climate change is definitely involved:


Monday 2 December 2019 — Seasonal Climate Summary for Australia — Product Code IDCKGC1A00

Australia in spring 2019

Temperatures Rainfall Extremes Important notes the top

In Brief

  • Fifth-warmest spring on record for Australia
  • Mean maximum temperature warmer than average for spring over nearly all of Australia; second-warmest spring mean maximum temperature on record nationally
  • Mean minimum temperature warmer than average for spring over most of Western Australia, and scattered areas of the north and east; cooler than average mean minimum temperature for parts of the north and parts of southeastern South Australia, western Victoria to the New South Wales Riverina
  • Rainfall below average for most of Australia; nationally the driest spring on record
  • Spring rainfall amongst the ten lowest on record for the Northern Territory and all States except Victoria and Tasmania
  • Spring mean maximum temperature amongst the ten highest on record for the Northern Territory and all States except Victoria and Tasmania


Spring was warmer than average for Australia, with days particularly warm. The national mean maximum temperature for spring was the second-warmest on record for Australia (2.41 °C warmer than average, 0.04 °C behind the record held by 2014). The mean minimum temperature for Australia was 0.64 °C warmer than average.

The mean maximum temperature for spring was amongst the ten warmest on record for the Northern Territory and all States except Victoria and Tasmania.

The mean maximum temperature for the season was above or very much above average across nearly all of Australia, and record warm across most of Western Australia, part of the northwest of the Northern Territory, and part of inland northern New South Wales. A number of sites observed record high mean spring maximum temperatures in New South Wales, Queensland, and Western Australia.

Only the very tip of Cape York Peninsula in Queensland had a cooler than average spring mean maximum temperature. Extremely dry conditions and very much above average temperatures led to increased fire risk across New South Wales and Queensland during spring. More details on the fires and associated weather conditions can be found in Special Climate Statement Severe fire weather conditions in southeast Queensland and northeast New South Wales in September 2019. Several large and dangerous fires have been burning in both States since early September, resulting in loss of both property and lives. Several large fires also occurred in Victoria towards the end of spring, including fires which were still burning in Gippsland at the close of November.

A large number of record high daily temperatures for spring were observed during a very warm period between 16 and 21 November, with records set in New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia, Victoria, and Tasmania. A few sites observed record high daily minimum temperatures too in South Australia, Western Australia, and Victoria.

Several cold outbreaks during September brought very chilly temperatures at times, with frost causing crop damage in southwest Western Australia during the first half of the month. Record low daily minimum temperatures for spring were observed in early September in Queensland, South Australia, and Western Australia; and in and mid-September in Tasmania.

Mean minimum temperatures for spring were warmer than average for Western Australia except the Kimberly, western South Australia, and scattered areas in the north of the country, southern Queensland, and northern to central New South Wales. The spring mean minimum temperature was cooler than average for most of the Kimberley in Western Australia; most of the Top End in the Northern Territory; an area spanning the southeast of the Northern Territory to Queensland’s western Channel Country; most of Cape York Peninsula and Queensland’s Central Coast; and part of southeast South Australia, western and northern Victoria, and adjacent border regions of southern New South Wales.

The eleven months of the year to date has been very warm for the country as a whole; Australia observed its second-warmest mean temperature on record for January–November. The mean maximum and mean minimum temperature have also been very warm; respectively they were the highest and seventh-highest on record for Australia over the same period.

Here are a couple of anomaly charts from the report:

Dry and hot weather was definitely a bad problem across the island continent. Here are more statistics from the drought:


Rainfall for spring was below to very much below average for most of Australia, and overall it was Australia’s driest spring on record.

Rainfall for the season was amongst the lowest 10% of historical records for much of New South Wales away from the northwest and central north; for much of eastern Queensland, including the Peninsula; nearly all of the southern half of Western Australia; large parts of the Northern Territory; large parts of South Australia away from the northeast, western Eyre Peninsula, and southeast; parts of northern Victoria and parts of northern Tasmania.

Spring rainfall was only above average in some areas of the Pilbara coast and far western Kimberley coast in Western Australia.

A large number of stations in New South Wales, and Queensland observed their driest spring on record, as did some in South Australia and Western Australia.

The prolonged abnormally low rainfall experienced over eastern Australia continues to have significant impact on communities and the environment. See also updated Special Climate Statement Drought conditions in eastern Australia and impact on water resources in the Murray–Darling Basin.

For the year to date (January–November), rainfall has been below to very much below average over much of Australia. For Australia as a whole, it was the second-driest January–November on record, and amongst the three driest on record for New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory.


I do have a little good news going into summer. To start, a strong cold front for this time of the year has chilled portions of southern Australia to record low levels. This pic is nice to see:

We will continue to keep tabs on Australia as their summer unfolds.

Here is more climate and weather news from Tuesday:

(As usual, this will be a fluid post in which more information gets added during the day as it crosses my radar, crediting all who have put it on-line. Items will be archived on this site for posterity. In most instances click on the pictures of each tweet to see each article.)

Here are some “ET’s” out of Iceland:

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Guy Walton- “The Climate Guy”

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