The main purpose of this ongoing blog will be to track planetary extreme, or record temperatures related to climate change. Any reports I see of ETs will be listed below the main topic of the day. I’ll refer to extreme or record temperatures as ETs (not extraterrestrials).😉
Main Topic: How Climate Dominoes Can Fall Leading to “Super Fog”
Dear Diary. An old adage goes that one learns something new everyday. As of this Monday in all of my near half century of being a meteorologist, I had never heard of the term “super fog.” Tragically, it affected many people near New Orleans Monday morning. Super fog we now know is a combination of regular misty fog with wildfire smoke, forming a dense material that can limit visibility to no more than ten feet, far more dense that regular fog.
The consequence of this super fog incident was at least seven deaths with well over a hundred injuries along a stretch of I-55 in southern Louisiana, not to mention hundreds of vehicles wrecked beyond repair, from a huge car pileup. Some of these people won what are termed “Darwin Awards,” or when people do things that are really stupid with the end result being their deaths…a little survival of the fittest adage. We know of many other car pileups because people were driving way too fast in fog, but this one really stands out as one of the worst that I know of.
Worst-case scenario with today's "Superfog" in #Louisiana. Devastating impacts in deadly car pile-up on I-55. Sending prayers for those impacted & families with lives lost.— Scot Pilié (@ScotPilie_Wx) October 23, 2023
Persistent marsh fire over Bayou Sauvage with light winds, helped combine smoke with dense fog. pic.twitter.com/W6dOGkIlKa
There are some climate connections here. Let’s look at cause and effect to see these tie-ins. Over this past summer most of our heat domes set up over the south-central United States, producing historic heat. These in turn created drought and then wildfires, with Louisiana being the state affected the most with wildfires. These wildfires were still smoldering as late as this October. The combination of smoke from the fires and fog rolling in from the Gulf of Mexico produced the super fog. So, we can conclude that in a cooler climate, this super fog incident probably would not have occurred.
🚙 There is no "war on motorists" despite what @RishiSunak wants to pretend.— Just Stop Oil (@JustStop_Oil) October 24, 2023
💀 But there are real, deadly repercussions to a world facing more fires and more extreme weather as a result of continued reliance on oil and gas.
🦺 Stop new oil and gas: https://t.co/7BzUVS02dZ pic.twitter.com/8SpYWwsQQS
Of course, historically human produced smoke has combined with fog to produce smog, that thankfully due to pollution controls is mostly in our past:
75 years ago it was this week in October that the Donora Smog Event of 1948 took place. (Oct 26th-31st, 1948). 20 deaths were directly attributed to the event and over 48% of the town (+5,000 people) got sick. Here's a picture taken downtown at NOON during the event. pic.twitter.com/Q9Spq3rxyL— NWS Pittsburgh (@NWSPittsburgh) October 24, 2023
Here are more details about yesterday’s big car pileup from ABC news:
‘Super fog’ made of fog, marsh fire smoke blamed for traffic pileups, road closures
Authorities say at least seven people have been killed after a “superfog” of smoke from south Louisiana marsh fires and dense fog caused multiple massive car crashes involving 158 vehicles
By The Associated Press
October 23, 2023
In this aerial photo, responders are seen near wreckage in the aftermath of a multi-vehicle pileup on I-55 in Manchac, La., Monday, Oct. 23, 2023. A “superfog” of smoke from south Louisiana marsh fires and dense morning fog caused multiple traffic crashes involving scores of cars. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert)
The Associated Press
NEW ORLEANS — At least seven people were killed Monday after a “superfog” of smoke from marsh fires and dense morning fog caused a series of wrecks on Interstate 55 near New Orleans that left a long stretch of mangled and scorched cars, trucks and tractor-trailers.
An estimated 158 vehicles were involved and 25 people injured, according to the Louisiana State Police, who warned the death toll could climb as first responders worked into the night looking for victims, the smell of burnt wreckage still heavy in the air.
Vehicles were crushed, piled atop each other and engulfed by flames. Some people got out of their vehicles and stood on the side of the road or on the roofs of their cars looking in disbelief at the disaster, while others cried out for help.
Clarencia Patterson Reed was driving with her wife and niece and could see people waving their hands for her to stop, but when she did her car was hit from behind and on the side by two other vehicles, she told the The Times-Picayune/The New Orleans Advocate.
“It was ‘Boom. Boom.’ All you kept hearing was crashing,” Reed said. She was able to scramble out of her car, but her wife was pinned inside and injured her leg and side.
Another driver Christopher Coll, said he was already braking when a pickup truck “drove up on top of my work trailer and took me for a ride.”
Coll could smell smoke as he heard the sounds of crashing cars and popping tires. He was able to kick open his passenger door to escape and then helped others — pulling out one person through a car window.
While 25 people were transported to the hospital, with injuries ranging from minor to critical, others sought medical aid on their own, authorities said.
Gov. John Bel Edwards asked for prayers “for those hurt and killed” on Monday and issued a call for blood donors to replenish dwindling supplies.
Louisiana State Police shared aerial photos on their Facebook page showing the crashed cars and extensive debris on both northbound and southbound lanes of the elevated interstate, which passes over swamp and open water between lakes Pontchartrain and Maurepas.
As of Monday afternoon, state troopers were still working “to notify families, investigate the exact causes of the crashes” and coordinate with the state’s transportation department to have the bridge inspected.
Traffic backed up for miles in both directions on I-55. The lack of visibility also prompted closures of parts of I-10 and the 24-mile (39-kilometer) Lake Pontchartrain Causeway at times.
School buses were summoned to transport stranded motorists from the accident sites. At midday, state police told reporters at the scene that one vehicle went over the highway guardrail and into the water, but the driver escaped unharmed.
The National Weather Service said there were multiple wetland fires in the region. Smoke from the fires mixed with fog to create a “superfog.” Visibility improved as the fog lifted, according to the agency, but similarly dangerous conditions could occur in coming days.
Before yesterday — when "super fog" caused a tragic and deadly multi-vehicle pileup near New Orleans — many of us had never heard of the term.@AmudalatAjasa researched and explains what it is: https://t.co/2c6yzWvryZ pic.twitter.com/I4zGVkmRFD— Capital Weather Gang (@capitalweather) October 24, 2023
At least 150 vehicles collided on 1-55 outside of New Orleans Monday morning amid a "superfog." At least 7 people were killed, and more than 2 dozen were injured.— AccuWeather (@accuweather) October 24, 2023
Smoke from nearby marsh fires contributed to the dangerously low visibility. pic.twitter.com/XPqlmReDtv
Here are some other “ET’s” recorded from around the planet the last couple of days, their consequences, and some extreme temperature outlooks, as well as any extreme precipitation reports:
Thread (5 tweets) about the many records broken in #Hungary in the past warm spell with incredible records of warm nights but also some monthly Tmax record ⬇️— Extreme Temperatures Around The World (@extremetemps) October 24, 2023
Help yourself . Research is courtesy of Hungarian climatic specialist @Vesca_wx https://t.co/TQEG5g44jN
[1/Multi tweets] RECORD HEAT SOUTH AMERICA— Extreme Temperatures Around The World (@extremetemps) October 23, 2023
42.0 San Borja all time high
40.2 Santa Cruz monthly record
29.8 TMIN San Jose de Chiquitos Highest Tmin in Bolivian history
tb continued later pic.twitter.com/ngBhSkAebb
Update on the South America Heat Wave:— Extreme Temperatures Around The World (@extremetemps) October 24, 2023
Yesterday the highest temperature in #Argentina was 45.7C at Posta Salazar.
One more record to add for #Paraguay:
43.0C at Concepcion tied its all time record high which was set just few days ago. https://t.co/qMBm6R6097
An exceptional late warm spell in China,Mongolia,Siberia and Koreas kicked off today.— Extreme Temperatures Around The World (@extremetemps) October 24, 2023
In Mongolia over 22C at 1100m asl at Khanbogd,in North Korea 24.6C at Wonsan and 24.5C at Hamhheung (hotter tomorrow).
In Siberia 20.0C at Progranichnyj.
The warmth will last one whole week. pic.twitter.com/LelfUeUWkF
North Africa and Mediterranean Warm Spell:— Extreme Temperatures Around The World (@extremetemps) October 24, 2023
Record October temperature in NIGER:
42.5C Birni Nkonni beat the 42.4C record set in October 1942
Further North,sirocco with 39C in Tunisia,>35C in Turkey (Mins up to 25.5C) and Cyprus,33C in Sicily. pic.twitter.com/d5fgoHwvR0
Temperatures in China continue to warm up today, with 13 provinces experiencing 30C, and even northern China has experienced 30C again after two weeks. Temperatures will continue to rise tomorrow, with a maximum of 30~35C in the south and 26~33C in the north.@extremetemps pic.twitter.com/Q4LexpntHs— Jim yang (@yangyubin1998) October 24, 2023
September 2023 in #Chile had an average temperature of 11.71C ,+0.15C above normal— Extreme Temperatures Around The World (@extremetemps) October 24, 2023
It was warmer than average in the North (up to +2.3C anomaly in Iquique) and colder in the South (up to -1.7C anomaly at Balmaceda) [left graph]
Central areas were wetter than average [right graph] pic.twitter.com/7nFU5YKqvZ
Here is More Climate and Weather News from Tuesday:
(As usual, this will be a fluid post in which more information gets added during the day as it crosses my radar, crediting all who have put it on-line. Items will be archived on this site for posterity. In most instances click on the pictures of each tweet to see each article. The most noteworthy items will be listed first.)
Quoting NHC: "This is an extremely serious situation for the #Acapulco metropolitan area with the core of the destructive hurricane likely to come near or over that large city early on Wednesday. There are no CAT5's on record even close to this intensity for this part of Mexico." pic.twitter.com/7oUfXJ1Rl1— Guy Walton (@climateguyw) October 25, 2023
Category 5 Hurricane Otis strengthening up through landfall near Acapulco with the ferocity of South Florida's Hurricane Andrew in 1992. Estimated winds and pressure similar to Andrew – 165 mph and 923 mb. Over a million people in the path of Mexico's strongest Pacific hurricane. https://t.co/ET5HL6dUDZ— Michael Lowry (@MichaelRLowry) October 25, 2023
Cat 5 storm — now w/ winds up to 165 mph — hours away from direct strike on city of over 1 million people — with little warning. Catastrophic situation.#HurricaneOtis #Acapulco— Capital Weather Gang (@capitalweather) October 25, 2023
(Our story: https://t.co/yLuxQtzZPq) https://t.co/uQ7KkXfZah
Earth’s ‘vital signs’ worse than at any time in human history, scientists warn https://t.co/42n7FU21zB— Guardian Environment (@guardianeco) October 24, 2023
Shocked Scientists Conclude That Life on Earth Is 'Under Siege'— GO GREEN (@ECOWARRIORSS) October 24, 2023
The authors of a new report by more than 15,000 scientists suggest that an average global surface temperature recorded in July may have been the highest seen on Earth in 100,000 years.https://t.co/IwyqLXNCwv
Many years ago I forecast 7 meters is sea level rise by 2070. Everything is on track to my forecast:) https://t.co/3vp0SVIw4d— Paul Beckwith (@PaulHBeckwith) October 24, 2023
Unavoidable future:— Prof. Eliot Jacobson (@EliotJacobson) October 23, 2023
"We find that rapid ocean warming, at approximately triple the historical rate, is likely committed over the twenty-first century, with widespread increases in ice-shelf melting, including in regions crucial for ice-sheet stability. "
Take a trip back to May, 2022, those were such sweet and innocent days …— Prof. Eliot Jacobson (@EliotJacobson) October 24, 2023
"Breaching 1.5 degrees warming, even for a year, would be a blow to climate diplomacy efforts, which have focused on efforts to keep warming under the 1.5 target."https://t.co/1sez1B8jk9
While Canada is having a horrific wildfire year, the USA is actually having the lowest area burnt in decades.— Dr. Robert Rohde (@RARohde) October 24, 2023
The actual number of wildfires is little changed over the last decade, but less land has been burnt mostly due to more favorable weather conditions (e.g. less dry). pic.twitter.com/JGm9i3B6Ge
Today’s News on Sustainable, Traditional Polluting Energy from Fossil Fuel, and the Green Revolution:
MEGA FACTCHECK— Simon Evans (@DrSimEvans) October 24, 2023
EVs are “likely crucial” for tackling transport CO2, says the IPCC – and sales are rocketing
But EVs still face relentless hostile media coverage
So, I spent the past few months debunking 21 (!) of the most common EV myths
Here it is 🧵https://t.co/gfqcswgRvK pic.twitter.com/grPOwSG9rE
The IEA now estimates that global demand for coal, oil, and natural gas will peak this decade before declining in their current policy scenario (STEPS).— Zeke Hausfather (@hausfath) October 24, 2023
While this represents progress, we need to dramatically speed up this transition to keep global temperatures well-below 2C: pic.twitter.com/vg1domqrhY
Good morning with good news: IEA's 2023 World Energy Outlook report is out today. It finds global coal, oil and gas peak by 2030. Why? Booms in RE; EV; EE & Electrification. Wind & solar built by 2030 reaches nearly 5 TW, up ~67% since 2022, and quintupled since 2019! pic.twitter.com/xkvGwxrSso— John Raymond Hanger (@johnrhanger) October 24, 2023
The largest-EVER investment in our grid—and it’s going to be life-changing.— Secretary Jennifer Granholm (@SecGranholm) October 24, 2023
As extreme weather events fueled by climate change continue to strain the nation’s aging transmission systems, we're ensuring our grid provides reliable, affordable power to all.https://t.co/STix2C0Tzd
More than 130 companies including Ikea, Volvo ask world leaders to ‘phase out’ fossil fuels /— Climate Watcher 🔥 (@pmagn) October 24, 2023
Big businesses wrote a letter to heads of state asking them to adopt a global deal to ‘phase out’ fossil fuels. https://t.co/M7JdixaPNr
📣 Fossil fuels belong to the past, like dinosaurs 🦖— Greenpeace International (@Greenpeace) October 24, 2023
@Greenpeace_ITA activists crashed a #OMC2023 golf match to deliver this message to fossil fuel executives, urging them to stop fueling the climate crisis, war and conflict for profit.#EndFossilCrimes #MakePollutersPay pic.twitter.com/kyfOGu5SLw
More from the Weather Department:
Cyclone #Tej has made landfall in SE #Yemen (kudos to the Euro) and as predicted, steering currents have collapsed. Al Ghaydah, Yemen just north of the landfall point averages 2" of rain a year, and it will likely receive 10x that over a 48-hr period when all is set is done. https://t.co/kDkn1xxhUX pic.twitter.com/3eEUMD7HUa— Jim Tang (@wxmann) October 24, 2023
Ahead of tropical cyclone #Tej, this image shows the impact of torrential rainfall in southern Oman.— World Meteorological Organization (@WMO) October 23, 2023
Via Zaher Shaqsi and @CLIMATEwBORDERS @OmanMeteorology is issuing #EarlyWarningsForAll pic.twitter.com/qROai1GQf4
Beware of TC's located in the right entrance region of a 140-kt 200mb jet streak. Suffice it to say #Hamoon is overperforming expectations (advisory is from earlier today, but this is almost certainly at least a strong Cat 1 if not stronger) pic.twitter.com/o2JJLhmTnJ— Jim Tang (@wxmann) October 24, 2023
Really unfortunate news for Vanuatu this morning with TC #Lola upgraded to Cat 5 by FMS. This is the strongest October cyclone on record for SPAC and the 2nd strongest for all out of season TCs (behind Donna in May 2017).— Cameron H 🇦🇺 (@Hitchy04) October 24, 2023
This will be 3rd STC this year (Kevin, Judy) to hit 🇻🇺 pic.twitter.com/XpHT5M2HSE
Here are the Key Messages for Tropical Depression Twenty-One Advisory 1, located in the southwestern Caribbean Sea near the coast of Nicaragua- Heavy rain producing flash flooding is the primary threat. More: https://t.co/tW4KeGe9uJ pic.twitter.com/tibK5GzFnc— National Hurricane Center (@NHC_Atlantic) October 23, 2023
Still watching for early month low pressure in the lower Caribbean. Latest overnight EURO/GFS/CMC ensembles here on https://t.co/3cvwpvVJ22 showing some chance. Will we see Vince this year or is the season done? https://t.co/Hk3pbO7x8H pic.twitter.com/XQqeUtaFbh— Mike's Weather Page (@tropicalupdate) October 24, 2023
The latest on the first major winter storm of the season, which is expected to bring significant early season winter weather impacts to portions of the Pacific Northwest, Northern Rockies, and Northern Plains. pic.twitter.com/f0KkDzyod2— NWS Weather Prediction Center (@NWSWPC) October 24, 2023
Eurasian #snow cover has fallen down & can't get up, Is there any hope? Stretched #PolarVortex event is bringing colder & snowier weather to Asia & North America to end the month & into early November but what comes next? Blog available for an early look: https://t.co/WqtIEhQkCt pic.twitter.com/VS6qmLF7Qx— Judah Cohen (@judah47) October 23, 2023
Thanks, I hate it. pic.twitter.com/ecGMz3E8ks— Brian Brettschneider (@Climatologist49) October 24, 2023
At 6:30am on October 24, 2005, Category 3 Hurricane #Wilma made landfall in southwest Florida. It briefly weakened to an upper-end Cat2 over the peninsula, then regained Cat3 intensity over the Atlantic. [1/3] pic.twitter.com/ja1XuNdrgq— Brian McNoldy (@BMcNoldy) October 24, 2023
More on the Environment:
Today @wwf_uk release a set of ‘forest stripes’ to highlight the 79% decline in population abundance of species that rely on forests.— Ed Hawkins (@ed_hawkins) October 24, 2023
Forests are not thriving.
Read the full report: https://t.co/Ug5gKZpX0A pic.twitter.com/rj4pqtNDjB
We're building a world of waste. The Bantar Gebang landfill outside of Jakarta alone stretches across 200 football fields.— Mike Hudema (@MikeHudema) October 24, 2023
It's time to move beyond linear systems to ones that are truly circular in nature: https://t.co/olZE5LfXhQ #Useless #wasteless #buyless #gocircular pic.twitter.com/ZZz2MTVxkK
Did we miss #SnowLeopardDay??— Pattrn (@pattrn) October 24, 2023
Shame on us for not sharing this video sooner.
Snow leopards were once listed as endangered, but are now considered "vulnerable."
Today, the big cats are facing threats from habitat loss, poaching, and climate change. pic.twitter.com/2nY6ZDzxol
Good morning humankind,Our planet is a priceless gift that we must preserve for the future.Let's stand together, saying NO to deforestation in the Amazon and Congo basin. It's time to safeguard our remaining trees and secure a sustainable future for all. #PreserveOurPlanet. pic.twitter.com/NS6B1sYTcB— Tangwa Abilu.🌿🌏🌾🍀🍃.SDG's. (@AbiluTangwa) October 24, 2023
More on Other Science and the Beauty of Earth and this Universe:
Published a new paper with @stworg, @UlliEcker, @NaomiOreskes, @Sander_vdLinden & @roozenbot on the misinformation assault on democracy with a new element being personal attacks on misinformation researchers https://t.co/yK2OeulVO8— John Cook (@johnfocook) October 23, 2023
Magnificent as always 🌋 Mount Erebus 2023-10-12— Iban Ameztoy (@i_ameztoy) October 21, 2023
Welcome to the second-highest volcano in Antarctica (after Mount Sidley), the highest active volcano in Antarctica, and the southernmost active volcano on Earth. #Copernicus #Sentinel2 🛰️ 🧊 +💧+ ☁️ pic.twitter.com/zTM15JYfR5
Did you know that without trees we would hardly be able to breathe due to air pollution, traffic exhaust, heat and industrial fumes? Our air would be completely polluted. The forests and trees clean our air and filter out particles that are harmful to us and produce the oxygen💚 pic.twitter.com/YPEtcaknlO— Green is a mission (@Greenisamissio1) October 24, 2023
As in Germany, this should be done worldwide: Accompanying and complementing school lessons, pupils can experience learning content live outdoors in the forest, apply it practically and deepen it. A forester leads the group on an adventure tour through the forest💚☘️🌿🌱🌲🌳🍀💚 pic.twitter.com/mEeUdIEi8M— Green is a mission (@Greenisamissio1) October 24, 2023
Halloween is just around the corner! To get you in the mood we give you – "The Howling". 🐺🐺— USGS (@USGS) October 23, 2023
These thermal images were used as part of a project to assess wolf hair loss from sarcoptic mange.
Learn more ➡️ https://t.co/xMYNdoPquR#Halloween #wolves #thermal pic.twitter.com/uyc9uKqChh
One pumpkin did its own research pic.twitter.com/5a8PfjkmW6— Mark Boslough (@MarkBoslough) October 24, 2023