Extreme Temperature Diary-September 13, 2018/ Topic: Tracking Florence Day Five

Thursday September 13th… Dear Diary. The main purpose of this ongoing post will be to track United States extreme or record temperatures related to climate change. Any reports I see of ETs will be listed below the main topic of the day. I’ll refer to extreme or record temperatures as ETs (not extraterrestrials)😊.  Here is today’s main climate change related topic:

Tracking Florence Day Five

Whew what a day Wednesday was trying to keep up with all the twists and turns in association with Florence. I think I got enough sleep last night to carry me through the worst day and following night for the North Carolina Coast…Thursday 9/13 into Friday 9/14. Models have been consistent and quite good indicating that Florence will get very close to Wilmington early Friday morning also catching a slowing forward speed. What hurricane models did not catch were multiple eye wall replacement cycles and light shear that weakened Florence from being a CAT 4 to a 2, thankfully. It looks like plenty of research and tweaking of models will be necessary for better strength forecasts for these monster, life threatening storms.

In one way I’m glad that hype scared away most residents from vulnerable areas. On the other hand, hype can produce a crying wolf syndrome for the public. Nevertheless, CAT 2 Florence will probably do enough coastal damage and be of long enough duration such as there won’t be too many wolf howls of hype from local residents. There will be a high storm surge but not nearly as bad as from that of a CAT 4.

As to attribution I was snickering yesterday when I learned that a study was planned before Florence even made landfall, getting the cart before the old proverbial horse, so to speak. Those yearning to prove and drive home the point that tropical systems are being influenced by climate change were salivating over this one storm, Florence. Still, Florence’s slowing movement due to ridging aloft and probable historic inland rainfall in my opinion are attributable factors. Will Florence be a once in a thousand year event or just a once in a decade type event for the Carolinas? We will see.  

As of this writing Florence’s wind field continues to widen and the system is getting a bit more organized with the central pressure falling a bit to 956 millibars. It would not shock me if Florence attained CAT 3 stats again just before making landfall near Wilmington Friday, but this is not the official forecast. In any case, unfortunately, Florence will probably be noteworthy enough to have its name retired by the National Hurricane Center since damage will be counted in many millions of dollars.

Here are some of today’s messages, which will be kept for posterity, in association with Florence. As I have been writing, I’m not going to second guess the National Hurricane Center, the best and most trusted source, unless guidance greatly deviates from their forecast. Usually if models go in a different direction NHC will make adjustments. I will snapshot model scenarios, but all reading this post should follow NHC as presented by The Weather Channel to get the best forecast.  I will group information in this fluid post under each six hour period in which model guidance is processed. The latest guidance will be at the beginning of the article with archived prior messages kept towards the end of Thursday’s Diary. I’ll label each group with the time models are processed. So here we go: 

Information coming in after the 18Z Thursday models from 9/13/2018 were processed:

As dramatic as some of the pics and stories are this evening, everything up to this point has been very well predicted. Most of the damage from will occur in the next 24 hrs with the storm surge but river flooding damaging will extended through the weekend.

is a “Category 5 flood threat,” smartly says. The rainfall forecast remains astronomical. More:

In the ‘sad but true’ category:  Well-known national media personality claiming and the inflating warnings to push a climate agenda.  This is BS – nothing could be further from the truth.


The most recent NCEP WPC rainfall prediction for Hurricane would shatter the historical record for 7-day rainfall accumulation by more than a foot.

112 mph wind gust just recorded only 20 miles off the NC SE Coast.  That type of wind will be over Wrightsville Beach and Carolina beach overnight!!!

The 18Z THU Op. GFS unfortunately is trending towards the 12Z THU EURO being much slower and more southwest with the track of . I woudn’t want to be located anywhere near the coast from Myrtle Beach to Morehead City through Saturday morning.

Information coming in after the 12Z Thursday models from 9/13/2018 were processed:

is forecast to drop 12-24 inches of rain, with isolated areas of 30 inches by this weekend! Take care and know the impacts.

How much kinetic energy is packing in its wind field right now? About 60% as much as Irma, Ike, and Katrina did at landfall, per Mark Powell (). That’s still an enormous, dangerous amount.

Regardless of *peak* winds at landfall, Florence’s broad wind field will be enough to topple trees in wet soil & bring down power lines over a large area.

“Hurricane Florence’s Unusual Extremes Worsened by Climate Change, Scientists Say” by Bob Berwyn () for News:

Now, the threat will also increase throughout the course of today and likely tomorrow as well from effectively due to the spiral bands encountering surface friction as they move ashore. Thanks for sharing, !


12Z THU Op. GFS mirrors the official NHC track much like that of prior 06Z run. Model worrisomely strengthens back to a CAT 3 before making landfall near Wilmington tonight. This will be a long duration event over this coming weekend.

Information coming in after the 06Z Thursday models from 9/13/2018 were processed:

06Z THU Op. GFS mirrors the official NHC track. Still, this will be a long duration event over this coming weekend. will probably hit Wilmington as a CAT 2 system tonight.

(As usual, this will be a fluid post in which more information gets added during the day as it crosses my radar, crediting all who have put it on-line.)

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The Climate Guy

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